新闻中心 > 正文
最新播报:

艾诺绮:滁州市音箱雕刻机

2019年11月09日 04:19 来源:艾诺绮

艾诺绮:为您提供精彩丰富的产品分类,收集了40多个大行业,上万个小行业的产品分类,行业目录数据,为用户提供精确的产品分类和公司展示;

【纵】【观】【这】【几】【年】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【,】【玩】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【玉】【友】【忍】【不】【住】【都】【会】【说】【一】【句】【:】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【真】【该】【整】【顿】【了】【。】【近】【十】【年】【来】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【价】【格】【一】【直】【是】【属】【于】【持】【续】【增】【涨】【的】【状】【态】【,】【如】【今】【的】【玉】【石】【市】【场】【更】【是】【热】【火】【朝】【天】【,】【各】【类】【玉】【石】【在】【多】【方】【推】【动】【下】【一】【路】【攀】【升】【,】【更】【是】【演】【变】【出】【一】【系】【列】【惊】【人】【的】【克】【价】【过】【万】【过】【十】【万】【天】【价】【,】【让】【人】【慨】【叹】【不】【已】【!】【就】【在】【大】【家】【以】【为】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【 】【纵】【观】【这】【几】【年】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【,】【玩】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【玉】【友】【忍】【不】【住】【都】【会】【说】【一】【句】【:】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【真】【该】【整】【顿】【了】【。】【近】【十】【年】【来】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【价】【格】【一】【直】【是】【属】【于】【持】【续】【增】【涨】【的】【状】【态】【,】【如】【今】【的】【玉】【石】【市】【场】【更】【是】【热】【火】【朝】【天】【,】【各】【类】【玉】【石】【在】【多】【方】【推】【动】【下】【一】【路】【攀】【升】【,】【更】【是】【演】【变】【出】【一】【系】【列】【惊】【人】【的】【克】【价】【过】【万】【过】【十】【万】【天】【价】【,】【让】【人】【慨】【叹】【不】【已】【!】【就】【在】【大】【家】【以】【为】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【价】【格】【终】【于】【有】【所】【下】【降】【时】【,】【今】【年】【的】【高】【价】【玉】【石】【拍】【卖】【的】【消】【息】【让】【人】【不】【经】【感】【叹】【。】【从】【近】【期】【克】【价】【3】【万】【的】【猫】【眼】【沙】【枣】【青】【籽】【料】【,】【再】【到】【九】【月】【份】【玉】【石】【雕】【神】【工】【奖】【以】【3】【5】【0】【0】【万】【成】【交】【的】【和】【田】【籽】【料】【玉】【石】【。】【都】【不】【难】【看】【出】【,】【精】【品】【籽】【料】【的】【价】【格】【依】【旧】【上】【涨】【不】【断】【。】【这】【是】【否】【预】【示】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【价】【格】【还】【是】【在】【持】【续】【上】【涨】【的】【状】【态】【.】【.】【.】【.】【.】【.】【 】【早】【在】【2】【0】【1】【2】【年】【央】【视】【新】【闻】【就】【报】【道】【过】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【飙】【高】【,】【3】【0】【年】【上】【涨】【不】【止】【千】【倍】【。】【近】【几】【年】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【又】【出】【现】【了】【怎】【样】【的】【变】【化】【呢】【?】【玩】【玉】【的】【玉】【友】【都】【知】【道】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【虽】【说】【不】【是】【天】【天】【涨】【,】【但】【这】【两】【年】【涨】【得】【却】【有】【些】【让】【人】【受】【不】【了】【,】【让】【很】【多】【玉】【友】【止】【步】【。】【现】【在】【一】【线】【料】【太】【疯】【狂】【,】【二】【三】【线】【玉】【出】【不】【动】【。】【不】【过】【也】【有】【藏】【家】【在】【这】【个】【动】【荡】【不】【安】【的】【市】【场】【开】【始】【收】【集】【精】【品】【玩】【料】【,】【这】【也】【是】【明】【智】【之】【选】【。】【在】【最】【没】【有】【可】【能】【的】【情】【况】【,】【反】【之】【最】【有】【可】【能】【。】【只】【是】【要】【等】【待】【时】【机】【,】【 】【日】【后】【定】【会】【有】【所】【收】【获】【。】【现】【在】【该】【不】【该】【买】【玉】【现】【如】【今】【大】【家】【处】【于】【一】【个】【观】【望】【的】【角】【度】【,】【这】【无】【可】【厚】【非】【。】【买】【还】【是】【不】【买】【,】【天】【天】【闷】【得】【很】【,】【由】【于】【手】【里】【的】【资】【金】【有】【限】【,】【高】【的】【买】【不】【动】【,】【低】【的】【嫌】【料】【差】【。】【中】【等】【的】【更】【是】【难】【寻】【。】【谈】【个】【喜】【欢】【的】【料】【得】【喝】【几】【瓶】【矿】【泉】【水】【,】【表】【示】【很】【无】【奈】【。】【在】【籽】【料】【市】【场】【,】【现】【在】【没】【有】【捡】【漏】【一】【说】【,】【捡】【漏】【捡】【漏】【千】【万】【别】【被】【别】【人】【捡】【了】【漏】【。】【要】【清】【楚】【买】【的】【永】【远】【没】【有】【卖】【的】【精】【。】【要】【学】【会】【合】【理】【的】【看】【待】【市】【场】【,】【用】【平】【等】【的】【价】【格】【看】【待】【平】【等】【的】【美】【玉】【,】【离】【吃】【药】【就】【会】【大】【大】【降】【低】【。】【和】【田】【玉】【标】【准】【化】【对】【于】【和】【田】【玉】【这】【样】【的】【“】【非】【标】【准】【品】【”】【来】【说】【,】【市】【场】【的】【迅】【速】【膨】【胀】【带】【来】【了】【价】【格】【的】【飞】【涨】【,】【很】【难】【找】【到】【一】【个】【客】【观】【的】【价】【格】【衡】【量】【标】【准】【,】【对】【于】【玉】【友】【来】【说】【,】【价】【格】【的】【高】【低】【全】【靠】【老】【玩】【家】【自】【身】【的】【经】【验】【结】【合】【市】【场】【行】【情】【来】【分】【辨】【。】【那】【新】【玩】【家】【如】【何】【看】【待】【?】【1】【、】【真】【假】【难】【辨】【真】【真】【假】【假】【在】【任】【何】【行】【业】【都】【是】【有】【所】【存】【在】【的】【,】【尤】【其】【是】【玉】【器】【这】【块】【,】【造】【假】【技】【术】【炉】【火】【纯】【青】【。】【对】【于】【一】【些】【刚】【入】【行】【的】【玉】【友】【们】【最】【容】【易】【上】【当】【了】【。】【对】【于】【一】【些】【价】【格】【实】【惠】【,】【并】【且】【造】【型】【完】【美】【、】【毫】【无】【瑕】【疵】【品】【、】【皮】【色】【艳】【丽】【的】【和】【田】【玉】【挂】【件】【就】【不】【要】【购】【买】【了】【。】【2】【、】【买】【料】【不】【要】【太】【贪】【心】【报】【价】【1】【0】【万】【的】【料】【子】【,】【一】【口】【价】【还】【到】【2】【、】【3】【万】【。】【有】【些】【玉】【友】【觉】【得】【玉】【石】【水】【分】【太】【大】【,】【一】【折】【二】【折】【就】【能】【卖】【到】【,】【觉】【得】【捡】【了】【大】【便】【宜】【。】【我】【们】【想】【想】【就】【能】【明】【白】【,】【不】【是】【这】【行】【水】【太】【深】【,】【而】【是】【我】【们】【太】【贪】【心】【。】【换】【位】【思】【考】【,】【1】【0】【万】【的】【汽】【车】【还】【价】【2】【万】【。】【你】【觉】【得】【汽】【车】【质】【量】【如】【何】【?】【?】【3】【、】【看】【料】【子】【“】【纸】【上】【得】【来】【终】【觉】【浅】【,】【欲】【知】【此】【事】【须】【躬】【行】【”】【一】【看】【毛】【孔】【:】【籽】【料】【具】【有】【皮】【色】【和】【毛】【孔】【,】【颜】【色】【太】【过】【均】【匀】【的】【要】【小】【心】【。】【二】【看】【瑕】【疵】【:】【无】【瑕】【不】【成】【玉】【,】【玉】【乃】【天】【成】【,】【完】【美】【无】【瑕】【且】【价】【格】【便】【宜】【要】【小】【心】【。】【三】【看】【皮】【与】【肉】【:】【皮】【色】【延】【伸】【到】【紧】【挨】【着】【皮】【的】【肉】【中】【。】【而】【不】【是】【长】【在】【表】【面】【。】【如】【今】【上】【涨】【的】【状】【况】【还】【在】【持】【续】【。】【然】【而】【尴】【尬】【的】【是】【,】【市】【场】【上】【新】【的】【籽】【料】【原】【石】【反】【倒】【越】【少】【了】【。】【在】【这】【种】【此】【长】【彼】【消】【的】【双】【重】【作】【用】【下】【,】【籽】【料】【上】【涨】【不】【眠】【不】【休】【。】【不】【管】【是】【收】【料】【还】【是】【买】【料】【且】【收】【且】【珍】【惜】【,】【且】【买】【且】【珍】【惜】【。】【籽】【料】【最】【好】【的】【时】【代】【已】【经】【过】【去】【,】【物】【尽】【其】【用】【,】【实】【现】【其】【价】【值】【最】【大】【化】【才】【是】【大】【家】【要】【考】【虑】【的】【。】【先】【从】【和】【田】【玉】【本】【身】【说】【起】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【价】【值】【自】【古】【以】【来】【都】【是】【古】【今】【一】【辙】【的】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【独】【有】【的】【文】【化】【内】【涵】【,】【是】【中】【国】【文】【化】【的】【主】【要】【传】【承】【者】【。】【其】【次】【,】【老】【百】【姓】【的】【腰】【包】【鼓】【起】【来】【了】【,】【生】【活】【水】【平】【也】【有】【了】【极】【大】【的】【提】【高】【。】【物】【质】【生】【活】【得】【到】【了】【满】【足】【,】【于】【是】【更】【多】【的】【人】【开】【始】【追】【求】【生】【活】【品】【质】【,】【所】【以】【和】【田】【玉】【也】【有】【了】【更】【多】【的】【市】【场】【,】【价】【格】【自】【然】【也】【就】【上】【涨】【了】【。】【一】【旦】【供】【应】【量】【大】【了】【,】【供】【应】【稀】【缺】【了】【,】【价】【格】【自】【然】【就】【上】【涨】【。】【前】【两】【年】【,】【还】【经】【常】【能】【听】【到】【有】【人】【“】【捡】【玉】【”】【玉】【石】【的】【消】【息】【,】【现】【如】【今】【,】【别】【说】【捡】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【就】【连】【金】【丝】【玉】【也】【不】【见】【得】【能】【捡】【到】【一】【块】【。】【而】【玉】【石】【市】【场】【上】【的】【和】【田】【玉】【产】【品】【则】【是】【在】【消】【耗】【和】【田】【玉】【资】【源】【的】【库】【存】【,】【所】【以】【,】【也】【就】【不】【难】【解】【释】【为】【什】【么】【和】【田】【玉】【经】【过】【了】【三】【十】【多】【年】【的】【时】【间】【价】【格】【疯】【涨】【了】【几】【十】【倍】【!】【加】【上】【和】【田】【地】【区】【的】【禁】【采】【令】【的】【开】【启】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【经】【历】【了】【一】【波】【儿】【跌】【宕】【起】【伏】【的】【价】【格】【攻】【坚】【战】【。】【未】【来】【的】【和】【田】【玉】【市】【场】【到】【底】【会】【如】【何】【,】【我】【们】【不】【得】【而】【知】【;】【但】【和】【田】【玉】【原】【料】【越】【来】【越】【少】【,】【价】【格】【上】【涨】【是】【必】【然】【趋】【势】【,】【好】【的】【料】【子】【无】【需】【疯】【狂】【炒】【作】【也】【自】【会】【有】【自】【己】【的】【市】【场】【!】【如】【今】【,】【市】【场】【上】【籽】【料】【稀】【缺】【,】【加】【上】【炒】【风】【盛】【行】【,】【就】【连】【之】【前】【没】【人】【重】【视】【的】【籽】【料】【边】【角】【料】【也】【成】【了】【“】【香】【饽】【饽】【”】【,】【这】【一】【系】【列】【现】【象】【更】【加】【将】【籽】【料】【市】【场】【推】【向】【高】【处】【。】【这】【些】【年】【有】【一】【些】【玉】【友】【不】【断】【曾】【说】【过】【:】【“】【和】【田】【玉】【涨】【价】【幅】【度】【太】【厉】【害】【,】【终】【究】【会】【有】【一】【天】【如】【泡】【沫】【一】【般】【,】【但】【是】【没】【有】【人】【能】【说】【出】【具】【体】【时】【间】【”】【这】【一】【现】【象】【不】【是】【一】【朝】【一】【夕】【所】【形】【成】【的】【,】【不】【论】【和】【田】【玉】【日】【后】【价】【格】【的】【高】【低】【之】【说】【,】【但】【绝】【不】【会】【像】【神】【话】【那】【样】【破】【灭】【。】【但】【籽】【料】【如】【此】【疯】【狂】【,】【对】【于】【玩】【玉】【的】【我】【们】【而】【言】【是】【不】【利】【的】【。】【因】【为】【这】【意】【味】【着】【以】【后】【我】【们】【能】【接】【触】【到】【或】【者】【买】【得】【起】【的】【好】【籽】【料】【将】【会】【越】【来】【越】【少】【,】【好】【的】【原】【石】【,】【好】【的】【籽】【料】【将】【会】【被】【逐】【渐】【“】【垄】【断】【”】【,】【奇】【货】【可】【居】【。】【谁】【的】【悲】【哀】【?】

【胡】【桃】【籽】【提】【取】【物】【、】【甘】【草】【提】【取】【物】【、】【透】【明】【质】【酸】【钠】【、】【刺】【阿】【干】【树】【仁】【油】【、】【腺】【苷】【、】【神】【经】【酰】【胺】【。】艾诺绮【黑】【青】【玉】【的】【显】【黑】【色】【是】【由】【它】【含】【有】【的】【铁】【元】【素】【引】【起】【的】【,】【而】【不】【是】【石】【墨】【,】【所】【以】【黑】【青】【玉】【不】【是】【墨】【玉】【。】【黑】【青】【玉】【有】【哪】【些】【品】【种】【呢】【?】【黑】【青】【玉】【品】【种】【一】【般】【是】【按】【产】【地】【来】【分】【类】【的】【,】【 】【黑】【青】【玉】【在】【我】【国】【主】【要】【有】【三】【个】【产】【地】【。】【第】【一】【个】【是】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【地】【区】【,】【其】【出】【产】【的】【和】【田】【黑】【色】【青】【玉】【籽】【料】【,】【其】【青】【色】【较】【深】【,】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【黑】【青】【玉】【的】【显】【黑】【色】【是】【由】【它】【含】【有】【的】【铁】【元】【素】【引】【起】【的】【,】【而】【不】【是】【石】【墨】【,】【所】【以】【黑】【青】【玉】【不】【是】【墨】【玉】【。】【黑】【青】【玉】【有】【哪】【些】【品】【种】【呢】【?】【 】【黑】【青】【玉】【品】【种】【一】【般】【是】【按】【产】【地】【来】【分】【类】【的】【,】【 】【黑】【青】【玉】【在】【我】【国】【主】【要】【有】【三】【个】【产】【地】【。】【第】【一】【个】【是】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【地】【区】【,】【其】【出】【产】【的】【和】【田】【黑】【色】【青】【玉】【籽】【料】【,】【其】【青】【色】【较】【深】【,】【且】【它】【的】【透】【光】【性】【能】【很】【好】【,】【这】【里】【出】【产】【的】【黑】【青】【玉】【密】【度】【极】【好】【,】【玉】【质】【也】【是】【极】【为】【细】【腻】【的】【,】【但】【是】【因】【为】【阳】【起】【石】【的】【含】【量】【较】【高】【,】【所】【以】【透】【光】【性】【不】【若】【玉】【龙】【河】【黑】【青】【籽】【料】【,】【即】【便】【我】【们】【用】【强】【光】【照】【射】【它】【,】【它】【的】【透】【光】【度】【也】【不】【会】【发】【生】【很】【大】【的】【变】【化】【,】【这】【里】【的】【出】【产】【的】【黑】【青】【玉】【极】【具】【收】【藏】【价】【值】【。】【 】【第】【二】【个】【是】【新】【疆】【塔】【县】【,】【塔】【县】【黑】【青】【玉】【最】【细】【腻】【,】【密】【度】【极】【好】【,】【但】【由】【于】【阳】【起】【石】【含】【量】【高】【所】【以】【透】【光】【性】【不】【好】【,】【强】【光】【手】【电】【贴】【着】【,】【透】【光】【也】【才】【亮】【到】【不】【足】【5】【毫】【米】【。】【但】【是】【这】【种】【黑】【青】【细】【腻】【没】【有】【结】【构】【,】【在】【黑】【青】【玉】【里】【,】【这】【种】【最】【有】【收】【藏】【价】【值】【。】【第】【三】【个】【是】【青】【海】【,】【青】【海】【出】【产】【的】【黑】【青】【玉】【山】【料】【玉】【质】【粗】【细】【不】【均】【,】【透】【光】【亮】【度】【大】【于】【5】【m】【m】【,】【其】【发】【出】【的】【为】【青】【绿】【色】【。】【另】【外】【戈】【壁】【料】【中】【也】【有】【黑】【青】【玉】【种】【,】【其】【硬】【度】【略】【高】【,】【玉】【质】【细】【腻】【且】【密】【度】【好】【,】【在】【这】【些】【不】【同】【产】【地】【的】【黑】【青】【玉】【中】【,】【它】【的】【透】【光】【度】【也】【是】【最】【好】【的】【。】

【玉】【是】【中】【国】【古】【代】【文】【化】【中】【最】【高】【礼】【器】【用】【材】【,】【佩】【玉】【历】【史】【悠】【久】【,】【时】【至】【今】【日】【已】【经】【成】【为】【一】【种】【经】【久】【不】【息】【的】【佩】【饰】【时】【尚】【,】【自】【古】【以】【来】【中】【国】【人】【一】【直】【给】【玉】【很】【高】【的】【评】【价】【。】【好】【的】【白】【玉】【牌】【子】【十】【分】【难】【得】【,】【牌】【子】【对】【玉】【料】【的】【要】【求】【最】【为】【苛】【刻】【,】【成】【本】【很】【高】【。】【在】【把】【玩】【玉】【器】【这】【一】【类】【收】【藏】【中】【位】【列】【第】【一】【。】【这】【是】【因】【为】【,】【牌】【子】【平】【整】【、】【体】【薄】【的】【形】【制】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【 】【玉】【是】【中】【国】【古】【代】【文】【化】【中】【最】【高】【礼】【器】【用】【材】【,】【佩】【玉】【历】【史】【悠】【久】【,】【时】【至】【今】【日】【已】【经】【成】【为】【一】【种】【经】【久】【不】【息】【的】【佩】【饰】【时】【尚】【,】【自】【古】【以】【来】【中】【国】【人】【一】【直】【给】【玉】【很】【高】【的】【评】【价】【。】【好】【的】【白】【玉】【牌】【子】【十】【分】【难】【得】【,】【牌】【子】【对】【玉】【料】【的】【要】【求】【最】【为】【苛】【刻】【,】【成】【本】【很】【高】【。】【在】【把】【玩】【玉】【器】【这】【一】【类】【收】【藏】【中】【位】【列】【第】【一】【。】【这】【是】【因】【为】【,】【牌】【子】【平】【整】【、】【体】【薄】【的】【形】【制】【特】【点】【决】【定】【了】【玉】【料】【本】【身】【需】【要】【无】【杂】【质】【和】【绺】【裂】【。】【因】【此】【同】【样】【的】【一】【块】【玉】【料】【,】【它】【可】【以】【做】【成】【一】【个】【好】【的】【把】【件】【,】【但】【有】【可】【能】【做】【不】【了】【牌】【子】【。】【因】【为】【把】【件】【可】【以】【通】【过】【对】【雕】【刻】【形】【象】【的】【设】【计】【和】【用】【刀】【的】【技】【法】【巧】【妙】【地】【避】【掉】【那】【些】【“】【毛】【病】【”】【,】【但】【是】【对】【于】【玉】【牌】【子】【来】【说】【则】【不】【可】【以】【。】【另】【外】【,】【用】【行】【里】【人】【的】【话】【来】【说】【,】【制】【作】【玉】【牌】【子】【很】【“】【伤】【料】【”】【,】【也】【就】【是】【说】【它】【的】【玉】【料】【耗】【损】【率】【很】【高】【,】【因】【此】【,】【它】【价】【格】【比】【其】【它】【种】【类】【的】【把】【玩】【玉】【器】【都】【要】【高】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【渊】【源】【玉】【牌】【子】【是】【一】【个】【独】【立】【的】【玉】【雕】【艺】【术】【门】【类】【,】【因】【为】【它】【规】【格】【方】【正】【,】【大】【小】【适】【中】【,】【可】【佩】【戴】【于】【胸】【前】【又】【可】【佩】【挂】【于】【腰】【间】【,】【无】【论】【是】【欣】【赏】【还】【是】【把】【玩】【都】【十】【分】【合】【适】【,】【男】【女】【皆】【宜】【,】【所】【以】【深】【受】【人】【们】【的】【喜】【爱】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【属】【于】【佩】【玉】【的】【一】【种】【,】【最】【早】【可】【追】【述】【到】【红】【山】【、】【良】【渚】【、】【殷】【墟】【等】【早】【期】【文】【化】【。】【到】【了】【战】【国】【至】【汉】【时】【期】【,】【佩】【玉】【的】【发】【展】【达】【到】【了】【前】【所】【未】【有】【的】【高】【峰】【。】【它】【涵】【盖】【的】【内】【容】【除】【了】【财】【富】【、】【艺】【术】【、】【礼】【仪】【,】【还】【增】【加】【了】【政】【治】【的】【含】【义】【。】【由】【于】【战】【国】【及】【秦】【的】【连】【年】【征】【战】【,】【宫】【廷】【政】【治】【斗】【争】【险】【恶】【,】【刺】【杀】【之】【事】【屡】【有】【发】【生】【,】【汉】【廷】【规】【定】【,】【大】【臣】【们】【佩】【带】【古】【玉】【组】【佩】【上】【朝】【。】【组】【佩】【,】【顾】【名】【思】【义】【,】【成】【组】【的】【玉】【佩】【。】【组】【佩】【由】【大】【小】【不】【一】【的】【玉】【佩】【组】【合】【,】【中】【间】【衔】【以】【丝】【绳】【,】【佩】【带】【腰】【际】【,】【限】【制】【了】【文】【武】【百】【官】【上】【朝】【时】【的】【行】【动】【。】【如】【若】【有】【人】【动】【作】【过】【大】【过】【猛】【,】【组】【佩】【就】【会】【叮】【当】【作】【响】【,】【势】【必】【引】【起】【侍】【卫】【的】【注】【意】【。】【玉】【又】【是】【中】【国】【文】【化】【的】【最】【高】【礼】【器】【用】【材】【,】【同】【时】【它】【所】【传】【递】【出】【的】【美】【感】【与】【中】【国】【传】【统】【思】【想】【不】【谋】【而】【合】【,】【因】【此】【佩】【玉】【成】【了】【经】【久】【不】【衰】【的】【佩】【饰】【时】【尚】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【发】【展】【玉】【牌】【子】【真】【正】【成】【为】【一】【种】【叫】【得】【响】【的】【玉】【雕】【艺】【术】【门】【类】【,】【是】【在】【明】【嘉】【靖】【、】【万】【历】【年】【间】【。】【因】【为】【这】【个】【时】【候】【苏】【州】【出】【了】【一】【个】【著】【名】【的】【玉】【雕】【大】【师】【—】【—】【陆】【子】【刚】【。】【子】【刚】【玉】【雕】【一】【改】【明】【代】【玉】【器】【陈】【腐】【俗】【气】【,】【以】【精】【美】【的】【玉】【料】【,】【高】【超】【的】【玉】【雕】【技】【法】【,】【将】【印】【章】【、】【书】【法】【、】【绘】【画】【艺】【术】【融】【入】【其】【中】【,】【子】【刚】【制】【玉】【挂】【件】【,】【形】【若】【方】【形】【或】【长】【方】【形】【,】【宽】【厚】【敦】【实】【,】【犹】【如】【牌】【子】【,】【故】【简】【称】【为】【“】【子】【刚】【牌】【”】【。】【将】【中】【国】【的】【书】【画】【艺】【术】【镌】【刻】【在】【玉】【牌】【的】【正】【反】【两】【面】【,】【加】【上】【玲】【珑】【剔】【透】【的】【牌】【头】【装】【饰】【,】【具】【较】【高】【的】【观】【赏】【性】【,】【玩】【味】【无】【穷】【,】【是】【子】【刚】【牌】【存】【在】【欢】【迎】【的】【主】【要】【因】【素】【。】【这】【不】【仅】【奠】【定】【了】【现】【代】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【基】【础】【,】【还】【确】【定】【了】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【基】【本】【形】【式】【、】【内】【容】【和】【门】【类】【。】【当】【代】【玉】【牌】【子】【在】【子】【刚】【牌】【的】【基】【础】【上】【得】【到】【了】【进】【一】【步】【的】【发】【展】【和】【创】【新】【,】【无】【论】【从】【题】【材】【上】【还】【是】【体】【量】【上】【都】【融】【入】【了】【相】【当】【多】【的】【现】【代】【思】【想】【和】【审】【美】【品】【位】【。】【比】【如】【现】【代】【玉】【牌】【在】【外】【形】【上】【不】【拘】【泥】【于】【规】【矩】【,】【而】【是】【更】【多】【倾】【向】【于】【自】【由】【随】【形】【,】【题】【材】【也】【更】【丰】【富】【多】【变】【。】【同】【时】【,】【因】【为】【现】【代】【雕】【刻】【工】【艺】【的】【机】【械】【化】【比】【传】【统】【工】【具】【更】【精】【确】【和】【细】【腻】【,】【使】【现】【代】【玉】【牌】【在】【制】【作】【工】【艺】【上】【可】【以】【更】【清】【晰】【细】【腻】【得】【表】【现】【设】【计】【师】【的】【创】【意】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【形】【制】【顾】【名】【思】【义】【,】【牌】【子】【一】【般】【呈】【长】【方】【形】【,】【也】【有】【椭】【圆】【形】【和】【圆】【形】【,】【但】【以】【长】【方】【形】【居】【多】【。】【玉】【牌】【分】【为】【两】【个】【部】【分】【,】【牌】【头】【和】【牌】【身】【。】【并】【不】【是】【所】【有】【的】【牌】【子】【都】【有】【牌】【头】【。】【牌】【头】【是】【牌】【子】【顶】【部】【的】【穿】【挂】【绳】【的】【部】【分】【,】【因】【为】【有】【时】【候】【在】【牌】【子】【方】【正】【的】【边】【缘】【不】【方】【便】【打】【孔】【或】【者】【穿】【绳】【,】【人】【们】【便】【想】【办】【法】【将】【牌】【子】【的】【顶】【部】【多】【做】【出】【一】【部】【分】【并】【雕】【刻】【出】【不】【同】【的】【花】【纹】【形】【状】【,】【比】【如】【如】【意】【头】【、】【吉】【庆】【头】【、】【祥】【云】【头】【等】【,】【即】【美】【观】【又】【方】【便】【穿】【挂】【。】【好】【的】【牌】【头】【设】【计】【能】【让】【整】【块】【牌】【子】【的】【艺】【术】【价】【值】【得】【到】【很】【大】【的】【提】【升】【。】【以】【寓】【意】【呼】【应】【完】【整】【为】【好】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【大】【小】【规】【格】【没】【有】【一】【定】【的】【规】【定】【,】【完】【全】【是】【按】【照】【玉】【料】【的】【情】【况】【而】【定】【,】【但】【大】【体】【会】【有】【一】【些】【约】【定】【俗】【成】【的】【黄】【金】【比】【例】【,】【比】【如】【4】【厘】【米】【*】【7】【厘】【米】【、】【5】【厘】【米】【*】【6】【厘】【米】【的】【,】【是】【大】【家】【在】【长】【期】【的】【制】【作】【和】【把】【玩】【中】【总】【结】【出】【来】【的】【最】【合】【适】【最】【美】【观】【的】【尺】【寸】【。】【按】【照】【行】【内】【的】【说】【法】【,】【规】【矩】【的】【玉】【牌】【子】【叫】【“】【牌】【子】【”】【,】【不】【规】【矩】【的】【玉】【牌】【子】【也】【叫】【“】【花】【别】【子】【”】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【雕】【刻】【与】【题】【材】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【题】【材】【很】【广】【,】【最】【著】【名】【的】【子】【刚】【牌】【将】【中】【国】【的】【书】【画】【艺】【术】【镌】【刻】【在】【玉】【牌】【的】【正】【反】【两】【面】【,】【十】【分】【具】【有】【文】【人】【气】【质】【和】【审】【美】【情】【趣】【。】【直】【到】【现】【在】【,】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【表】【现】【手】【法】【也】【不】【出】【其】【左】【右】【。】【大】【致】【来】【讲】【,】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【题】【材】【可】【分】【为】【吉】【庆】【、】【佛】【教】【、】【花】【鸟】【、】【山】【水】【、】【博】【古】【(】【静】【物】【)】【、】【人】【物】【和】【动】【物】【等】【,】【中】【国】【传】【统】【文】【化】【的】【精】【髓】【就】【是】【以】【音】【喻】【意】【,】【以】【物】【寓】【意】【。】【不】【同】【的】【题】【材】【有】【不】【同】【的】【寓】【意】【。】【比】【如】【钟】【馗】【表】【示】【辟】【邪】【,】【观】【音】【佛】【像】【等】【表】【示】【保】【佑】【祁】【福】【,】【山】【水】【陶】【冶】【情】【操】【、】【玉】【牌】【子】【上】【正】【面】【的】【花】【纹】【为】【喜】【鹊】【和】【梅】【花】【,】【那】【么】【就】【表】【示】【喜】【鹊】【登】【梅】【,】【如】【果】【玉】【牌】【子】【上】【什】【么】【也】【没】【有】【雕】【刻】【,】【那】【么】【这】【块】【牌】【子】【的】【名】【字】【就】【叫】【做】【“】【平】【安】【无】【事】【(】【饰】【)】【。】【”】【牌】【子】【的】【雕】【刻】【表】【现】【手】【法】【很】【多】【,】【有】【平】【雕】【,】【浅】【浮】【雕】【、】【高】【浮】【雕】【、】【镂】【雕】【、】【用】【皮】【等】【。】【一】【般】【以】【平】【雕】【和】【浅】【浮】【雕】【者】【居】【多】【,】【这】【是】【因】【为】【牌】【子】【的】【表】【现】【面】【积】【很】【小】【,】【在】【上】【面】【做】【设】【计】【一】【定】【要】【符】【合】【其】【特】【性】【。】【用】【浅】【浮】【雕】【和】【平】【雕】【最】【能】【把】【握】【整】【体】【,】【同】【时】【也】【不】【会】【让】【牌】【子】【显】【得】【繁】【琐】【不】【堪】【。】【浅】【浮】【雕】【是】【牌】【子】【最】【常】【用】【的】【雕】【刻】【方】【法】【,】【这】【种】【手】【法】【既】【让】【牌】【子】【的】【表】【面】【平】【整】【利】【落】【,】【又】【有】【一】【定】【的】【空】【间】【和】【层】【次】【感】【。】【让】【人】【在】【把】【玩】【的】【同】【时】【又】【有】【回】【味】【的】【余】【地】【。】【玉】【牌】【子】【的】【收】【藏】【品】【评】【好】【的】【玉】【牌】【子】【品】【评】【标】【准】【有】【4】【个】【方】【面】【,】【总】【结】【出】【来】【应】【该】【是】【:】【首】【先】【,】【好】【料】【是】【基】【础】【,】【料】【好】【,】【这】【个】【牌】【子】【就】【具】【备】【了】【一】【多】【半】【的】【收】【藏】【价】【值】【,】【细】【腻】【油】【润】【自】【不】【必】【说】【,】【最】【重】【要】【的】【是】【料】【要】【整】【,】【不】【能】【有】【绺】【裂】【,】【很】【干】【净】【的】【底】【子】【才】【具】【有】【发】【挥】【空】【间】【。】【其】【次】【,】【整】【体】【比】【例】【要】【好】【,】【长】【宽】【高】【的】【比】【例】【要】【协】【调】【,】【外】【形】【轮】【廓】【感】【觉】【舒】【服】【。】【再】【次】【,】【设】【计】【和】【制】【作】【工】【艺】【一】【个】【也】【不】【能】【少】【。】【好】【的】【玉】【料】【通】【常】【都】【会】【有】【好】【设】【计】【好】【做】【工】【,】【评】【价】【好】【的】【设】【计】【就】【是】【画】【面】【优】【美】【,】【生】【动】【传】【神】【。】【但】【是】【如】【果】【没】【有】【好】【的】【加】【工】【工】【艺】【,】【再】【好】【的】【设】【计】【也】【不】【会】【体】【现】【出】【来】【。】【好】【的】【加】【工】【工】【艺】【主】【要】【体】【现】【在】【两】【个】【方】【面】【:】【雕】【刻】【和】【打】【磨】【。】【雕】【刻】【要】【求】【雕】【刻】【师】【完】【全】【理】【解】【设】【计】【师】【的】【意】【图】【,】【线】【条】【流】【畅】【,】【各】【部】【分】【结】【构】【交】【代】【明】【确】【不】【拖】【泥】【带】【水】【。】【这】【里】【特】【别】【提】【及】【的】【是】【,】【好】【的】【打】【磨】【工】【艺】【是】【很】【多】【人】【都】【忽】【略】【的】【问】【题】【,】【好】【的】【打】【磨】【是】【怎】【样】【的】【呢】【?】【通】【俗】【来】【说】【,】【就】【是】【直】【是】【直】【,】【圆】【是】【圆】【,】【拐】【角】【是】【拐】【角】【。】【打】【磨】【成】【品】【应】【该】【没】【有】【制】【作】【时】【牌】【子】【上】【留】【下】【的】【工】【具】【痕】【迹】【。】【有】【些】【不】【负】【责】【任】【的】【打】【磨】【工】【人】【因】【为】【不】【能】【够】【理】【解】【设】【计】【和】【雕】【刻】【意】【图】【,】【会】【把】【原】【有】【的】【精】【彩】【打】【磨】【得】【平】【淡】【无】【奇】【。】【另】【外】【,】【用】【皮】【要】【巧】【。】【从】【目】【前】【来】【看】【,】【子】【料】【牌】【子】【的】【收】【藏】【升】【值】【空】【间】【显】【然】【要】【大】【于】【其】【它】【玉】【料】【。】【因】【此】【子】【料】【的】【标】【志】【—】【—】【保】【留】【玉】【皮】【往】【往】【成】【为】【了】【现】【代】【子】【料】【玉】【牌】【的】【常】【用】【手】【法】【。】【皮】【子】【的】【保】【留】【有】【很】【多】【形】【式】【,】【比】【如】【背】【面】【的】【满】【皮】【,】【侧】【面】【的】【留】【皮】【和】【正】【面】【的】【俏】【皮】【,】【玉】【皮】【的】【颜】【色】【多】【种】【多】【样】【,】【在】【设】【计】【上】【俏】【色】【技】【法】【的】【使】【用】【就】【很】【关】【键】【,】【皮】【子】【做】【得】【好】【,】【牌】【子】【的】【艺】【术】【价】【值】【和】【经】【济】【价】【值】【都】【会】【增】【高】【不】【少】【。】艾诺绮【 】【 】【在】【玉】【石】【品】【种】【中】【,】【除】【了】【有】【白】【玉】【,】【黄】【玉】【,】【墨】【玉】【,】【青】【玉】【等】【颜】【色】【之】【分】【,】【还】【有】【新】【老】【之】【分】【。】【但】【是】【,】【这】【里】【所】【说】【的】【新】【老】【,】【并】【不】【是】【我】【们】【日】【常】【生】【活】【中】【所】【理】【解】【的】【新】【老】【。】【 】【 】【所】【谓】【的】【新】【玉】【,】【从】【商】【家】【的】【角】【度】【上】【说】【,】【主】【要】【是】【指】【经】【过】【了】【酸】【溶】【液】【清】【洗】【的】【并】【注】【胶】【填】【充】【的】【玉】【石】【。】【若】【从】【玉】【石】【古】【玩】【家】【的】【角】【度】【上】【来】【看】【,】【新】【玉】【可】【以】【理】【解】【为】【建】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【 】【 】【 】【在】【玉】【石】【品】【种】【中】【,】【除】【了】【有】【白】【玉】【,】【黄】【玉】【,】【墨】【玉】【,】【青】【玉】【等】【颜】【色】【之】【分】【,】【还】【有】【新】【老】【之】【分】【。】【但】【是】【,】【这】【里】【所】【说】【的】【新】【老】【,】【并】【不】【是】【我】【们】【日】【常】【生】【活】【中】【所】【理】【解】【的】【新】【老】【。】【 】【 】【所】【谓】【的】【新】【玉】【,】【从】【商】【家】【的】【角】【度】【上】【说】【,】【主】【要】【是】【指】【经】【过】【了】【酸】【溶】【液】【清】【洗】【的】【并】【注】【胶】【填】【充】【的】【玉】【石】【。】【若】【从】【玉】【石】【古】【玩】【家】【的】【角】【度】【上】【来】【看】【,】【新】【玉】【可】【以】【理】【解】【为】【建】【国】【后】【所】【制】【作】【的】【玉】【石】【。】【 】【 】【而】【老】【玉】【,】【若】【从】【商】【家】【角】【度】【上】【说】【,】【它】【是】【天】【然】【玉】【石】【,】【只】【经】【过】【一】【些】【打】【磨】【抛】【光】【及】【雕】【琢】【,】【没】【有】【经】【过】【人】【工】【处】【理】【,】【质】【地】【天】【然】【,】【它】【的】【价】【值】【相】【当】【高】【。】【而】【从】【古】【玩】【界】【的】【角】【度】【来】【说】【,】【主】【要】【是】【指】【明】【,】【清】【国】【做】【的】【玉】【,】【离】【至】【今】【有】【一】【段】【的】【历】【史】【。】【 】【 】【那】【么】【,】【对】【于】【两】【种】【玉】【作】【为】【普】【通】【人】【应】【如】【何】【区】【分】【呢】【?】【 】【 】【一】【、】【看】【线】【孔】【:】【一】【般】【情】【况】【下】【,】【新】【玉】【打】【孔】【多】【数】【采】【用】【机】【械】【化】【操】【作】【,】【孔】【眼】【打】【的】【较】【顺】【直】【,】【没】【有】【明】【显】【的】【粗】【细】【之】【分】【,】【而】【老】【玉】【多】【数】【采】【用】【人】【工】【打】【孔】【,】【孔】【眼】【有】【粗】【细】【不】【同】【。】【所】【以】【区】【分】【还】【是】【不】【难】【的】【。】【 】【 】【二】【、】【看】【表】【皮】【:】【新】【玉】【的】【表】【皮】【较】【光】【滑】【,】【没】【有】【明】【显】【的】【坑】【点】【,】【而】【老】【玉】【表】【面】【较】【粗】【糙】【,】【用】【肉】【眼】【可】【看】【出】【它】【表】【面】【不】【平】【整】【的】【坑】【坑】【洼】【洼】【。】【对】【于】【两】【者】【的】【区】【别】【主】【要】【是】【由】【于】【不】【同】【年】【代】【的】【工】【艺】【不】【同】【而】【造】【成】【的】【。】

艾诺绮:体彩电脑桌款式 焦作博爱福彩摆放机器桌子制作标准

【洁】【面】【后】【,】【将】【本】【品】【涂】【于】【各】【皱】【纹】【处】【,】【并】【加】【发】【按】【摩】【,】【最】【后】【使】【用】【三】【九】【王】【妃】【祛】【皱】【霜】【,】【效】【果】【更】【好】【。】艾诺绮【成】【分】【:】【天】【然】【草】【本】【护】【肤】【精】【华】【、】【霍】【霍】【巴】【油】【、】【鲜】【奶】【等】【。】

【市】【场】【上】【买】【玉】【的】【人】【,】【最】【纠】【结】【的】【往】【往】【不】【是】【价】【格】【,】【而】【是】【我】【买】【的】【玉】【到】【底】【是】【不】【是】【籽】【料】【,】【或】【者】【到】【底】【是】【不】【是】【新】【疆】【料】【,】【即】【狭】【义】【的】【和】【田】【玉】【。】【我】【们】【来】【想】【象】【一】【下】【,】【如】【果】【没】【有】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【市】【场】【会】【是】【怎】【样】【的】【呢】【?】【 】【什】【么】【时】【候】【出】【现】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【1】【9】【9】【2】【年】【,】【市】【场】【上】【就】【出】【现】【了】【青】【海】【料】【,】【俄】【料】【也】【在】【2】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【 】【市】【场】【上】【买】【玉】【的】【人】【,】【最】【纠】【结】【的】【往】【往】【不】【是】【价】【格】【,】【而】【是】【我】【买】【的】【玉】【到】【底】【是】【不】【是】【籽】【料】【,】【或】【者】【到】【底】【是】【不】【是】【新】【疆】【料】【,】【即】【狭】【义】【的】【和】【田】【玉】【。】【我】【们】【来】【想】【象】【一】【下】【,】【如】【果】【没】【有】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【市】【场】【会】【是】【怎】【样】【的】【呢】【?】【 】【什】【么】【时】【候】【出】【现】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【1】【9】【9】【2】【年】【,】【市】【场】【上】【就】【出】【现】【了】【青】【海】【料】【,】【俄】【料】【也】【在】【2】【0】【0】【3】【年】【大】【量】【进】【入】【中】【国】【市】【场】【,】【它】【们】【的】【成】【分】【和】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【一】【样】【,】【主】【要】【成】【分】【都】【是】【透】【闪】【石】【,】【因】【此】【硬】【度】【、】【韧】【性】【等】【各】【方】【面】【物】【理】【性】【质】【也】【都】【差】【不】【多】【。】【 】【但】【长】【期】【以】【来】【,】【学】【术】【界】【对】【【】【和】【田】【玉】【】】【是】【按】【产】【地】【来】【划】【分】【还】【是】【按】【矿】【物】【成】【分】【来】【划】【分】【存】【在】【很】【大】【争】【议】【,】【2】【0】【1】【3】【年】【1】【2】【月】【1】【7】【日】【和】【2】【0】【1】【4】【年】【1】【月】【,】【中】【国】【国】【家】【标】【准】【管】【理】【委】【员】【会】【和】【全】【国】【标】【准】【样】【品】【技】【术】【委】【员】【会】【批】【准】【发】【布】【了】【国】【家】【标】【准】【G】【S】【B】【 】【1】【6】【-】【3】【0】【6】【1】【-】【2】【0】【1】【3】【《】【和】【田】【玉】【实】【物】【标】【准】【样】【品】【》】【,】【正】【式】【确】【定】【“】【和】【田】【玉】【实】【物】【样】【品】【国】【家】【标】【准】【不】【论】【产】【地】【,】【一】【律】【按】【其】【矿】【物】【成】【分】【来】【界】【定】【。】【”】【此】【后】【才】【有】【了】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【与】【狭】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【之】【分】【。】【 】【国】【标】【为】【何】【要】【按】【矿】【物】【成】【分】【来】【界】【定】【呢】【?】【一】【是】【因】【为】【按】【产】【地】【划】【分】【没】【有】【成】【熟】【的】【界】【定】【标】【准】【,】【鉴】【定】【出】【来】【的】【结】【果】【无】【法】【一】【锤】【定】【音】【,】【而】【且】【门】【槛】【非】【常】【高】【。】【比】【如】【籽】【料】【的】【国】【检】【鉴】【定】【,】【2】【0】【1】【7】【年】【年】【底】【刚】【出】【来】【的】【时】【候】【鉴】【定】【费】【用】【是】【2】【万】【元】【一】【件】【,】【现】【在】【价】【格】【虽】【然】【降】【到】【了】【2】【千】【,】【但】【鉴】【定】【结】【果】【仍】【不】【具】【备】【权】【威】【性】【,】【俄】【罗】【斯】【的】【山】【流】【水】【也】【可】【能】【被】【鉴】【定】【成】【籽】【料】【,】【因】【此】【有】【资】【深】【的】【从】【业】【者】【推】【测】【:】【国】【检】【的】【籽】【料】【鉴】【定】【,】【界】【定】【的】【不】【是】【产】【地】【,】【而】【是】【产】【状】【。】【 】【籽】【料】【和】【非】【籽】【料】【尚】【且】【还】【有】【产】【状】【的】【区】【别】【,】【如】【果】【是】【新】【疆】【的】【山】【料】【和】【青】【海】【的】【山】【料】【,】【机】【器】【又】【以】【什】【么】【来】【区】【分】【它】【们】【呢】【?】【尤】【其】【是】【当】【山】【料】【切】【成】【小】【块】【,】【做】【成】【成】【品】【之】【后】【,】【即】【使】【是】【一】【线】【的】【从】【业】【者】【,】【怕】【是】【也】【难】【以】【分】【辨】【出】【到】【底】【是】【哪】【儿】【产】【的】【。】【无】【法】【鉴】【定】【,】【分】【类】【就】【没】【有】【意】【义】【。】【 】【二】【是】【按】【矿】【物】【成】【分】【来】【界】【定】【不】【仅】【快】【捷】【明】【确】【,】【还】【有】【很】【大】【的】【现】【实】【意】【义】【。】【现】【在】【被】【用】【来】【冒】【充】【狭】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【可】【不】【止】【是】【其】【他】【【】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【】】【,】【石】【英】【岩】【、】【卡】【瓦】【石】【 】【、】【水】【石】【,】【甚】【至】【玻】【璃】【制】【品】【这】【些】【都】【常】【被】【用】【来】【冒】【充】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【如】【果】【没】【有】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【鉴】【定】【标】【准】【,】【这】【些】【个】【“】【李】【鬼】【”】【都】【会】【很】【猖】【狂】【罢】【。】【 】【如】【果】【没】【有】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【市】【场】【会】【怎】【样】【?】【假】【如】【俄】【料】【、】【青】【海】【料】【、】【韩】【料】【和】【其】【他】【透】【闪】【石】【成】【分】【的】【玉】【料】【都】【不】【能】【叫】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【就】【是】【指】【产】【自】【新】【疆】【的】【玉】【,】【那】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【价】【格】【一】【定】【会】【比】【现】【在】【高】【出】【很】【多】【,】【原】【因】【很】【好】【理】【解】【—】【—】【僧】【多】【粥】【少】【,】【物】【以】【稀】【为】【贵】【。】【 】【如】【此】【一】【来】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【高】【、】【料】【少】【、】【鉴】【定】【门】【槛】【又】【高】【,】【水】【恐】【怕】【会】【更】【深】【,】【会】【比】【现】【在】【更】【难】【买】【到】【狭】【义】【的】【和】【田】【玉】【。】【在】【国】【家】【标】【准】【确】【定】【“】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【”】【的】【概】【念】【之】【前】【,】【就】【有】【很】【多】【不】【良】【商】【家】【用】【俄】【料】【和】【青】【海】【料】【来】【冒】【充】【【】【新】【疆】【籽】【料】【】】【。】【 】【如】【果】【没】【有】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【的】【概】【念】【,】【有】【些】【商】【家】【是】【不】【是】【就】【无】【法】【钻】【概】【念】【的】【空】【子】【,】【将】【廉】【价】【的】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【以】【证】【书】【之】【名】【高】【价】【卖】【给】【顾】【客】【了】【呢】【?】【是】【的】【,】【但】【是】【同】【时】【会】【有】【更】【多】【其】【他】【的】【玉】【石】【只】【因】【“】【外】【形】【相】【似】【”】【就】【可】【被】【不】【良】【商】【家】【冠】【以】【“】【和】【田】【玉】【”】【之】【名】【进】【行】【售】【卖】【。】【难】【界】【定】【是】【和】【田】【玉】【没】【有】【按】【产】【地】【分】【的】【重】【要】【原】【因】【,】【也】【是】【造】【假】【众】【多】【的】【重】【要】【原】【因】【。】【 】【这】【里】【不】【是】【想】【为】【俄】【料】【、】【青】【海】【料】【等】【其】【他】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【申】【辩】【,】【只】【是】【想】【说】【:】【决】【定】【一】【个】【行】【业】【水】【是】【否】【深】【,】【最】【主】【要】【的】【因】【素】【是】【作】【假】【作】【恶】【的】【利】【益】【、】【代】【价】【和】【可】【操】【作】【性】【,】【与】【概】【念】【的】【界】【定】【没】【有】【多】【大】【关】【系】【。】【朝】【隆】【合】【科】【普】【:】【软】【玉】【质】【地】【温】【润】【细】【腻】【,】【韧】【性】【好】【,】【表】【面】【多】【为】【油】【脂】【光】【泽】【;】【而】【硬】【玉】【通】【常】【质】【地】【通】【透】【,】【表】【面】【为】【玻】【璃】【质】【感】【,】【刚】【性】【足】【,】【这】【是】【两】【种】【玉】【石】【的】【区】【别】【。】【以】【上】【就】【是】【对】【《】【如】【果】【没】【有】【广】【义】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【市】【场】【会】【怎】【样】【?】【》】【的】【详】【细】【介】【绍】【,】【本】【文】【由】【和】【田】【玉】【权】【威】【官】【网】【朝】【隆】【合】【(】【w】【w】【w】【.】【j】【a】【d】【e】【9】【9】【9】【.】【c】【o】【m】【 】【)】【整】【理】【发】【布】【,】【如】【果】【您】【还】【想】【了】【解】【更】【多】【关】【于】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【,】【和】【田】【玉】【鉴】【定】【等】【一】【切】【相】【关】【行】【业】【信】【息】【,】【欢】【迎】【添】【加】【本】【站】【官】【方】【微】【信】【:】【t】【a】【o】【h】【e】【t】【i】【a】【n】【y】【u】【,】【业】【内】【权】【威】【专】【家】【为】【您】【悉】【心】【指】【导】【,】【买】【和】【田】【玉】【,】【认】【准】【朝】【隆】【合】【!】【老】【字】【号】【,】【大】【品】【牌】【,】【让】【您】【放】【心】【满】【意】【的】【玉】【器】【品】【牌】【商】【。】艾诺绮【和】【田】【籽】【玉】【究】【竟】【是】【怎】【样】【形】【成】【的】【?】【是】【由】【山】【料】【经】【水】【流】【冲】【刷】【而】【成】【的】【吗】【?】【籽】【料】【的】【原】【生】【矿】【体】【是】【山】【料】【吗】【?】【 】【 】【对】【于】【这】【个】【问】【题】【,】【我】【查】【阅】【过】【很】【多】【资】【料】【、】【书】【籍】【,】【也】【聆】【听】【过】【不】【少】【玉】【石】【专】【家】【学】【者】【的】【演】【讲】【论】【述】【,】【以】【及】【流】【传】【于】【民】【间】【的】【普】【遍】【说】【法】【,】【绝】【大】【部】【分】【都】【说】【,】【籽】【料】【是】【由】【山】【料】【因】【冰】【雪】【消】【融】【,】【经】【山】【体】【风】【化】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【 】【和】【田】【籽】【玉】【究】【竟】【是】【怎】【样】【形】【成】【的】【?】【是】【由】【山】【料】【经】【水】【流】【冲】【刷】【而】【成】【的】【吗】【?】【 】【籽】【料】【的】【原】【生】【矿】【体】【是】【山】【料】【吗】【?】【 】【 】【对】【于】【这】【个】【问】【题】【,】【我】【查】【阅】【过】【很】【多】【资】【料】【、】【书】【籍】【,】【也】【聆】【听】【过】【不】【少】【玉】【石】【专】【家】【学】【者】【的】【演】【讲】【论】【述】【,】【以】【及】【流】【传】【于】【民】【间】【的】【普】【遍】【说】【法】【,】【绝】【大】【部】【分】【都】【说】【,】【籽】【料】【是】【由】【山】【料】【因】【冰】【雪】【消】【融】【,】【经】【山】【体】【风】【化】【崩】【塌】【而】【顺】【水】【冲】【入】【湍】【急】【的】【河】【流】【中】【,】【再】【经】【数】【百】【公】【里】【河】【水】【的】【搬】【运】【冲】【刷】【,】【棱】【角】【随】【之】【被】【磨】【去】【,】【最】【后】【形】【成】【了】【现】【在】【的】【卵】【状】【籽】【料】【。】【这】【种】【说】【法】【的】【根】【据】【何】【在】【呢】【?】【根】【据】【有】【四】【:】【 】【 】【1】【.】【籽】【料】【出】【产】【在】【玉】【龙】【喀】【什】【河】【床】【中】【,】【水】【就】【是】【搬】【运】【琢】【磨】【玉】【石】【的】【天】【然】【工】【具】【。】【 】【 】【2】【.】【和】【田】【玉】【山】【料】【就】【产】【在】【玉】【龙】【喀】【什】【河】【源】【头】【的】【冰】【山】【上】【。】【 】【 】【3】【.】【玉】【龙】【喀】【什】【河】【源】【头】【山】【脚】【下】【的】【河】【床】【中】【,】【确】【有】【被】【水】【冲】【刷】【下】【来】【磨】【去】【部】【分】【棱】【角】【的】【山】【流】【水】【原】【料】【。】【 】【 】【4】【.】【山】【流】【水】【原】【料】【再】【经】【过】【2】【0】【0】【多】【公】【里】【的】【洪】【水】【冲】【刷】【琢】【磨】【,】【冲】【刷】【到】【玉】【龙】【喀】【什】【河】【平】【坦】【的】【和】【田】【市】【地】【段】【,】【沉】【积】【下】【来】【,】【自】【然】【就】【棱】【角】【全】【无】【,】【被】【磨】【成】【了】【卵】【石】【状】【的】【籽】【料】【了】【。】【 】【 】【以】【上】【证】【据】【乍】【一】【听】【起】【来】【似】【乎】【很】【有】【道】【理】【,】【无】【可】【挑】【剔】【。】【但】【根】【据】【我】【几】【十】【年】【的】【实】【地】【观】【察】【,】【反】【复】【捉】【摸】【,】【认】【为】【以】【上】【论】【据】【尚】【不】【全】【面】【,】【只】【说】【到】【了】【它】【的】【表】【面】【,】【没】【有】【说】【到】【它】【的】【本】【质】【。】【大】【量】【事】【实】【证】【明】【,】【籽】【料】【不】【是】【由】【山】【料】【经】【洪】【水】【冲】【刷】【而】【成】【的】【,】【也】【就】【是】【说】【,】【籽】【料】【的】【原】【生】【矿】【不】【是】【山】【料】【,】【其】【本】【身】【就】【是】【与】【山】【料】【一】【样】【的】【另】【一】【种】【原】【生】【矿】【体】【。】【其】【论】【据】【有】【六】【:】【 】【 】【 】【1】【.】【玉】【龙】【喀】【什】【河】【的】【源】【头】【,】【即】【出】【山】【流】【水】【的】【冰】【山】【脚】【下】【,】【距】【离】【出】【产】【籽】【料】【的】【和】【田】【市】【大】【约】【有】【2】【7】【0】【公】【里】【。】【在】【这】【2】【7】【0】【公】【里】【的】【河】【床】【中】【,】【从】【出】【山】【流】【水】【的】【那】【个】【冰】【山】【起】【,】【一】【直】【往】【下】【约】【2】【0】【多】【公】【里】【的】【河】【床】【中】【,】【可】【以】【捡】【到】【为】【数】【不】【多】【的】【山】【流】【水】【。】【再】【从】【2】【0】【公】【里】【往】【下】【到】【2】【0】【0】【多】【公】【里】【的】【这】【段】【河】【床】【中】【,】【根】【本】【就】【没】【有】【玉】【石】【。】【再】【从】【约】【2】【0】【0】【公】【里】【往】【下】【到】【2】【7】【0】【公】【里】【的】【这】【段】【河】【床】【中】【就】【是】【籽】【料】【出】【产】【的】【主】【要】【地】【段】【。】【有】【人】【讲】【,】【中】【段】【近】【1】【8】【0】【多】【公】【里】【没】【有】【玉】【石】【,】【是】【因】【为】【水】【流】【太】【急】【,】【玉】【料】【存】【留】【不】【下】【来】【,】【都】【被】【洪】【水】【把】【玉】【石】【冲】【到】【下】【游】【去】【了】【的】【缘】【故】【。】【请】【问】【前】【面】【那】【2】【0】【多】【公】【里】【的】【河】【水】【流】【速】【不】【是】【更】【湍】【急】【吗】【?】【为】【什】【么】【在】【那】【一】【段】【或】【多】【或】【少】【还】【可】【以】【捡】【到】【玉】【石】【?】【而】【这】【1】【8】【0】【公】【里】【的】【地】【段】【,】【为】【什】【么】【不】【论】【大】【小】【一】【块】【玉】【石】【也】【捡】【不】【到】【呢】【?】【河】【床】【里】【到】【处】【都】【是】【卵】【状】【石】【头】【,】【没】【有】【一】【块】【玉】【石】【,】【石】【头】【没】【被】【水】【冲】【走】【留】【了】【下】【来】【,】【唯】【独】【比】【重】【比】【石】【头】【大】【得】【多】【的】【玉】【石】【反】【而】【被】【水】【冲】【走】【了】【,】【所】【以】【,】【“】【因】【为】【水】【流】【太】【急】【,】【玉】【料】【存】【留】【不】【下】【来】【”】【的】【解】【释】【自】【然】【是】【不】【能】【成】【立】【的】【。】【 】【 】【 】【2】【.】【再】【从】【玉】【的】【质】【地】【上】【讲】【,】【山】【流】【水】【的】【玉】【质】【和】【籽】【玉】【的】【玉】【质】【也】【不】【尽】【相】【同】【,】【籽】【玉】【的】【质】【地】【比】【山】【流】【水】【的】【更】【加】【细】【腻】【,】【更】【加】【温】【润】【,】【色】【彩】【更】【丰】【富】【。】【有】【人】【又】【讲】【,】【这】【是】【因】【为】【籽】【料】【经】【过】【水】【流】【的】【冲】【刷】【把】【山】【料】【外】【面】【的】【一】【层】【粗】【糙】【表】【皮】【磨】【掉】【了】【,】【只】【剩】【下】【中】【间】【的】【部】【分】【,】【当】【然】【就】【更】【好】【了】【。】【但】【我】【所】【说】【的】【质】【地】【不】【是】【外】【面】【的】【不】【好】【,】【中】【间】【的】【就】【好】【,】【水】【流】【的】【冲】【刷】【是】【不】【可】【能】【改】【变】【玉】【的】【质】【地】【和】【颜】【色】【的】【,】【不】【可】【能】【将】【粗】【糙】【的】【冲】【刷】【成】【细】【腻】【的】【,】【也】【不】【能】【把】【暖】【色】【调】【的】【冲】【刷】【成】【冷】【色】【调】【的】【。】【比】【如】【现】【在】【很】【多】【人】【为】【了】【能】【将】【山】【料】【卖】【到】【籽】【料】【的】【好】【价】【格】【,】【就】【不】【惜】【造】【假】【,】【将】【山】【料】【棱】【角】【切】【割】【掉】【,】【再】【放】【入】【滚】【筒】【机】【中】【与】【砂】【石】【一】【起】【滚】【磨】【,】【人】【工】【磨】【成】【的】【籽】【玉】【就】【这】【样】【做】【成】【了】【。】【这】【样】【的】【籽】【料】【是】【不】【是】【质】【地】【就】【好】【了】【呢】【?】【仍】【然】【不】【好】【,】【略】【有】【经】【验】【的】【人】【,】【一】【看】【便】【知】【是】【山】【料】【磨】【出】【来】【的】【。】【 】【 】【 】【3】【.】【籽】【料】【有】【白】【、】【青】【、】【碧】【、】【黄】【、】【墨】【等】【五】【种】【基】【本】【色】【调】【。】【而】【玉】【龙】【喀】【什】【河】【源】【头】【的】【山】【上】【只】【有】【白】【玉】【和】【青】【玉】【两】【种】【玉】【料】【,】【根】【本】【就】【没】【有】【碧】【、】【墨】【、】【黄】【玉】【,】【那】【么】【河】【中】【的】【碧】【、】【墨】【、】【黄】【玉】【又】【是】【哪】【里】【来】【的】【呢】【?】【更】【何】【况】【籽】【料】【的】【颜】【色】【是】【块】【块】【不】【相】【同】【,】【而】【山】【料】【在】【一】【个】【坑】【内】【基】【本】【是】【相】【同】【的】【。】【 】【 】【4】【.】【籽】【料】【是】【山】【料】【冲】【刷】【而】【成】【的】【卵】【型】【,】【但】【有】【很】【多】【籽】【料】【上】【有】【半】【块】【石】【半】【块】【玉】【共】【生】【的】【现】【象】【。】【如】【果】【以】【上】【逻】【辑】【成】【立】【的】【话】【,】【那】【么】【就】【不】【应】【该】【有】【这】【种】【现】【象】【存】【在】【。】【因】【为】【我】【们】【都】【知】【道】【玉】【比】【石】【更】【坚】【硬】【,】【更】【耐】【磨】【,】【玉】【都】【磨】【成】【极】【其】【光】【滑】【的】【卵】【石】【了】【,】【那】【石】【头】【还】【能】【安】【在】【吗】【?】【 】【 】【5】【.】【再】【从】【籽】【料】【的】【质】【地】【、】【颜】【色】【在】【河】【流】【中】【的】【分】【布】【状】【况】【看】【,】【经】【我】【多】【年】【的】【观】【察】【总】【结】【发】【现】【,】【颜】【色】【、】【质】【地】【、】【块】【状】【、】【性】【能】【,】【甚】【至】【皮】【色】【大】【致】【相】【同】【的】【玉】【料】【基】【本】【上】【产】【出】【在】【同】【一】【段】【河】【道】【中】【,】【混】【淆】【的】【很】【少】【,】【只】【要】【你】【拿】【来】【一】【块】【玉】【料】【,】【我】【们】【一】【看】【基】【本】【上】【知】【道】【它】【出】【在】【河】【流】【的】【什】【么】【位】【置】【,】【哪】【个】【地】【段】【,】【这】【与】【山】【料】【的】【产】【出】【分】【矿】【坑】【的】【道】【理】【基】【本】【是】【一】【致】【的】【。】【如】【果】【是】【水】【冲】【下】【来】【的】【,】【它】【不】【可】【能】【有】【如】【此】【清】【晰】【的】【分】【别】【。】【 】【 】【 】【6】【.】【从】【和】【田】【地】【区】【东】【起】【策】【勒】【县】【的】【奴】【尔】【多】【西】【至】【墨】【玉】【县】【的】【皮】【牙】【满】【多】【约】【1】【6】【0】【多】【公】【里】【的】【戈】【壁】【沙】【漠】【中】【,】【都】【有】【各】【色】【籽】【玉】【和】【戈】【壁】【料】【存】【在】【,】【难】【道】【这】【方】【圆】【约】【9】【0】【0】【多】【平】【方】【公】【里】【的】【戈】【壁】【沙】【漠】【中】【的】【玉】【都】【是】【河】【流】【改】【道】【冲】【刷】【而】【来】【的】【吗】【?】【我】【认】【为】【不】【是】【。】【 】【 】【综】【上】【所】【述】【,】【籽】【料】【就】【是】【亿】【万】【年】【前】【火】【山】【爆】【发】【形】【成】【的】【,】【这】【种】【卵】【状】【的】【原】【生】【矿】【体】【存】【留】【在】【海】【底】【,】【后】【经】【地】【壳】【变】【迁】【,】【造】【山】【运】【动】【,】【新】【疆】【这】【块】【土】【地】【由】【大】【海】【变】【成】【了】【陆】【地】【,】【籽】【料】【也】【随】【之】【浮】【出】【水】【面】【,】【形】【成】【了】【现】【在】【这】【种】【状】【况】【,】【所】【以】【籽】【料】【不】【是】【由】【山】【料】【经】【水】【冲】【刷】【而】【来】【,】【山】【料】【不】【是】【妈】【妈】【,】【籽】【料】【亦】【不】【是】【儿】【子】【,】【它】【们】【同】【样】【都】【是】【同】【一】【种】【矿】【藏】【中】【两】【个】【互】【不】【相】【干】【的】【原】【生】【矿】【体】【。】

艾诺绮:江山市打折促销保温隔热材料玻璃纤维棉保温毡10K50mm

【●】【纳】【米】【珍】【珠】【肽】【迅】【速】【被】【肌】【肤】【吸】【收】【,】【并】【抑】【制】【酪】【氨】【酸】【酶】【,】【降】【低】【黑】【色】【素】【含】【量】【,】【使】【肌】【肤】【白】【皙】【光】【滑】【。】艾诺绮【众】【多】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【良】【莠】【不】【齐】【,】【甚】【至】【存】【在】【着】【许】【多】【仿】【冒】【品】【,】【如】【山】【料】【碧】【玉】【冒】【充】【籽】【料】【碧】【玉】【、】【树】【脂】【材】【质】【冒】【充】【碧】【玉】【等】【等】【。】【这】【些】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【假】【冒】【品】【让】【许】【多】【消】【费】【者】【上】【当】【受】【骗】【,】【伤】【了】【他】【们】【的】【心】【。】【那】【么】【,】【选】【购】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【时】【,】【如】【何】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【的】【真】【假】【呢】【?】【 】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【真】【假】【的】【方】【法】【一】【、】【观】【 】【专】【家】【教】【你】【鉴】【别】【和】【田】【玉】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【如】【何】【保】【养】【?】【和】【田】【玉】【选】【购】【常】【识】【和】【田】【玉】【价】【格】【走】【势】【新】【疆】【和】【田】【玉】【籽】【料】【图】【片】【众】【多】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【良】【莠】【不】【齐】【,】【甚】【至】【存】【在】【着】【许】【多】【仿】【冒】【品】【,】【如】【山】【料】【碧】【玉】【冒】【充】【籽】【料】【碧】【玉】【、】【树】【脂】【材】【质】【冒】【充】【碧】【玉】【等】【等】【。】【这】【些】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【假】【冒】【品】【让】【许】【多】【消】【费】【者】【上】【当】【受】【骗】【,】【伤】【了】【他】【们】【的】【心】【。】【那】【么】【,】【选】【购】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【时】【,】【如】【何】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【的】【真】【假】【呢】【?】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【真】【假】【的】【方】【法】【一】【、】【观】【质】【地】【。】【天】【然】【碧】【玉】【不】【管】【是】【籽】【料】【碧】【玉】【还】【是】【山】【料】【碧】【玉】【都】【会】【多】【少】【存】【在】【些】【矿】【物】【黑】【点】【,】【区】【别】【只】【是】【品】【质】【好】【的】【碧】【玉】【黑】【点】【少】【些】【,】【品】【质】【差】【些】【的】【碧】【玉】【黑】【点】【多】【些】【。】【另】【外】【天】【然】【碧】【玉】【还】【会】【有】【一】【定】【的】【色】【差】【与】【结】【构】【特】【点】【,】【这】【是】【假】【冒】【品】【没】【有】【的】【。】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【真】【假】【的】【方】【法】【二】【、】【手】【感】【。】【对】【与】【真】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【来】【说】【,】【其】【质】【地】【细】【腻】【,】【因】【而】【用】【手】【摸】【起】【来】【光】【滑】【温】【润】【;】【而】【假】【的】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【温】【润】【性】【不】【好】【,】【如】【果】【是】【玻】【璃】【材】【质】【仿】【冒】【品】【的】【话】【,】【在】【灯】【光】【下】【甚】【至】【能】【看】【到】【内】【部】【含】【有】【气】【泡】【。】【 】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【真】【假】【的】【方】【法】【三】【、】【掂】【比】【重】【。】【一】【般】【来】【说】【天】【然】【碧】【玉】【的】【比】【重】【大】【于】【仿】【制】【品】【,】【因】【此】【,】【同】【样】【大】【小】【的】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【,】【真】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【掂】【量】【起】【来】【重】【。】【以】【上】【是】【鉴】【别】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【常】【用】【的】【方】【法】【,】【消】【费】【者】【朋】【友】【可】【结】【合】【起】【来】【细】【心】【观】【察】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【,】【相】【信】【定】【能】【买】【到】【真】【的】【称】【心】【如】【意】【的】【碧】【玉】【手】【镯】【。】

艾诺绮:楼兰防滑砖QTD009

【主】【要】【成】【份】【:】【薰】【衣】【草】【精】【油】【、】【芦】【荟】【精】【华】【、】【茶】【树】【精】【华】【、】【N】【M】【F】【天】【然】【保】【湿】【因】【子】【、】【修】【复】【因】【子】【、】【没】【药】

·安国面膜加工、唐山试管面膜(品牌)

·岳阳市音箱雕刻机

·大珍珠腰线砖3015BH

·骆兰过门厨房卫生间仿古砖LR165330

·远晶釉面砖TSP608

·RSP快换盘 软管包 YASKAWA点焊机器人应用

·2016厨房电热水器品牌 请关注大拇指小厨宝十大品牌

·金属触摸门禁系统套装刷卡密码双门玻璃门铁门木门磁力锁门禁机一

·德国霸士BS GT-TH型1186插座 400V/16A/5P/IP44

·新中源陶瓷地面砖尼斯

·EUCHNER安士能安全开关084290 TP3-2131A024MC1761

·日本松下 数字光纤传感器FX-551 上海销售

Copyright @ 2000 - 2019 m.szpcpc.cn All Rights Reserved.  制作单位:深乐购物在线_手机版

版权所有 深乐购物在线_手机版

艾诺绮